Anglet

France

Anglet is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Anglet lies in the traditional province of Labourd of the Northern Basque Country while its inhabitants have traditionally spoken Gascon (Occitan).

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Angloys or Angloyes.

CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
CantonAnglet, Bayonne-1
Government
 Mayor (2020–2026)Claude Olive
Area126.93 km2 (10.40 sq mi)
Population (2017-01-01)38,929
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)

Location

Anglet commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz (B.A.B.) located south-west of the city and part of the Basque province of Labourd. The commune is 10% covered with pine forests, including those of Pignada, Lazaretto, and Chiberta. The sandy coast starts 200 km north at the Pointe de Grave on the shore of the estuary of the Gironde and ends in Anglet. It is punctuated by numerous seawalls cutting the shore.

The Anglet coast is about 4.5 km long and has 11 beaches from north to south:

  • Beach of la Barre;
  • Beach of lesCavaliers;
  • Beach of les Dunes;
  • Beach of l’Ocean;
  • Beach of la Madrague;
  • Beach of la petite Madrague;
  • Beach of les Corsaires;
  • Beach of la Marinella;
  • Beach of les Sables d’or;
  • Beach of Club;
  • Beach of VVF (Village Vacances Famille).
Beach of la Barre

Anglet has an airport Aéroport de Biarritz-Anglet-Bayonne. It has flights to destinations across France as well as Europe.

Access

Anglet is served by the A63 autoroute, the D810 road from Bayonne to Anglet town, and the D260 road from Bayonne to the northern part of the commune and continuing south-west towards Biarritz. Chronoplus Bus Terminus for the Anglet beaches.

Economy

Once oriented towards agriculture and in particular vegetable crops, Anglet now has, thanks to its location within the Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz urban area, a broader economic scope.

Anglet is associated with the cities of Bayonne and Biarritz with which it shares the administration of the Biarritz – Anglet – Bayonne Airport.

Anglet is included in the control of the Port of Bayonne which also covers the communes of Bayonne and Boucau in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Tarnos in Landes.

Among local economic activities there are seaside tourism, Thalassotherapy, sports (surfing and water-slides) and aerospace (Dassault Aviation).

The commune also hosts agri-food sector enterprises who are among the top fifty largest in the department:

  • the Bayonnaise Des Viandes (meat production);
  • SAS TDA (production and preserving of meat);
  • Mandion SA (industrial production of fresh bread and pastry);
  • the Société d’abattage du Pays basque (Abattoir Company of Basque Country) (production and preserving of meat);
  • SARL Sonath (production of bakery products).
  • BAB2 is a shopping centre located in Anglet. The Carrefour hypermarket is the largest hypermarket in Pyrénées-Atlantiques and the third largest in Aquitaine based on turnover.

Montaury Park hosts disciplines from the University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour such as those dealing with biology, physics, chemistry, logistics, and construction and public works.

Education

The town has many public kindergartens (Camiade, Jules Ferry, Aristide Briand, Jean Jaurès, Evariste Galois, and Tivoli), two colleges (Endarra college and the private Stella Maris college), two schools (Technological School of Cantau and the Sainte-Anne school) and an ikastola (Angeluko ikastola). Furthermore, a Building Institute, an art school and a unit of the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts are present in the commune.

Culture and heritage

Languages

The majority of people in this area spoke Gascon according to the Linguistic Atlas of Gascony (ALG). At the same time some areas could be described as Basque (no doubt as a result of Basque campaigns in surrounding areas). Since the 20th century the French language has been the majority language.

Civil heritage

The commune has several buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Town Hall (1935). The town hall has two remarkable pieces of furniture:
    • A Buffet by Christian Ortet (1937)
    • A Table by Christian Ortet and Jean Lesquibe (1937)
  • The Villa Arguia (1927)
  • The Villa El Hogar (1924)
  • The Villa Gomez, a former building for bridges and roads, has an item that is registered as a historical object:
    • a Writing desk and Armchair (1938)

Paul Campagne (1870-1941) and his wife Julienne Moussempès (1879-1956) were owners of the famous Hotel de l’Angleterre in Biarritz and in 1900 built a second home called “Marnoger” whose name comes from the names of their three children Marcel, Nora and Roger This sumptuous house and its park renamed “Beatrix Enea” are part of the municipal heritage of Anglet which was acquired in 1985: the municipal city services are housed there.

Hôtel 4 étoiles Biarritz 

Architectural Heritage

During the urbanization of the late 19th and early 20th century architecture in Anglet was dominated by a model which took as a reference a Labourd farm, typical of the Basque Country, modelled from Villa Arnaga to Cambo-les-Bains. This model was called Néobasque.

Another type of architecture, the “chalet” for permanent and popular housing in a commune where the population increased sharply and lost its original rural character. Its purpose was residential and had no connection with what was later called the vacation home.

The vacation home is found along the coast, between the Biarritz golf course and Anglet near Chiberta and Chambre d’Amour. These vacation homes had an architectural style called eclecticism.

Around 1930, in the works of the Gomez brothers and architect William Marcel, the model evolved into the “casa torre” which is typical of the neighbouring provinces of Navarre and of Gipuzkoa. The El Hogar home was of this style and was a milestone in the architecture of the time. The house was made for an old Béarn native who made his fortune in Chile and so had a high sensitivity to Hispanic architecture which inspired its architect.

Religious heritage

The city has seven churches: Saint-Michel, Holy Trinity, Saint-Léon, Saint-Bernadette, Our Lady of Refuge, Saint-Joseph, and Saint-Marie.

One wall of the former Dominican monastery of Couillioure was classified as an historic monument in 1928.

The Church of Notre-Dame-du-Refuge of the Congregation of the Servants of Mary contains one item that is registered as an historical object:

  • Painting with frame: Father Cestac
Inside the Church of Notre-Dame-du-Refuge

There is also a worship hall for Mormons and a Kingdom Hall for Jehovah’s Witnesses in the commune.

  • The church of Saint-Léon
  • Facade of the Chapel of Our Lady of Refuge
  • Church Saint Mary (5 Cantons) – classified as a historical monument
  • Church Saint Mary interior – of Basque inspiration but in art-deco style

Environmental heritage

  • The cave of the Chambre d’Amour is part of the heritage of the commune.
  • The Izadia Ecological Park (literary root meaning “the being, the nature” in Basque). It is an urban park of 14 hectares and is one of the last vestiges of a “dune environment” coastline. It includes a lagoon, lakes of brackish water, an expanse of sedge marsh, and marine bulrushes. There are also more arid environments encountered such as heath and Helianthemum sand grass. 200 plant species have been identified. Finally, there is the iconic Centaurea with dense flowers for which the park is the only known location in France. More than 4700 birds were observed in 2012 of 103 different species.
  • The Pignada is a forest of 220 hectares representing 10% of the city area. This is the largest green space in the Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz agglomeration. The forest is popularly called the Chiberta Forest. It is an urban forest because it is surrounded on all sides by various suburban districts. It is mostly a pine forest mixed with cork oak, ferns, and other broom. Vineyards were once planted on these sands. 
  • Montaury Park is located south of the NR10, part of the heart of the city project, is an urban park next to the scientific campus of the University of Pau and Pays de l’Adour. There is exotic vegetation: roses, hydrangeas, palms, and exotic ferns mixed with the existing vegetation of the park. Water is sprayed into basins with intermittent jets. There are children’s games and walks.
  • The Latchague Valley in Anglet. Landscaped retention ponds have been made to store rainwater from exceptional rainfall events which can occur each month, 10 years, or 30 years, and to regulate them.

Sports and sports facilities

  • Aikido: the Aikido Dojo of Angloy is the 20th largest club in France in number of members with more than 560 active members;
  • Riding: the Equestrian club of the Basque coast;
  • Golf: The commune has two golf courses: the Chiberta Par 71 Course and the Golf du Phare;
  • Ice hockey, figure skating and ice dancing at the rink of la Barre. The ice hockey team of Anglet Hormadi Élite competes in Division 1;
  • Basque pelota: The commune hosts the Hardoytarrak club created by Gilen Zaldunbide.
  • Skateboarding: The town has a skatepark on the seafront (in front of the la Barre beach). It has an “L” shaped curb and rounded on the inside, an area of 1.80 metres (5.91 feet) in height, a pyramid, a spine, a rail, a flat-bar, a double table, etc;
  • Surfing and board sports: the various beaches host many male and female international competitions.

Contact

City Hall
email
contact@anglet.fr
address
Rue Amédée-Dufourg BP 303, 64603 Anglet cedex
phone
+33 (0) 5 59 58 35 35