Anzio is a medium-sized fishing port on the coast of Lazio, south of Rome. It was an important Roman port, but now is best-known for its military significance as a landing-spot for the Allies in the Second World War.
Anzio is a city and comune on the coast of the Lazio region of Italy, about 51 kilometres (32 mi) south of Rome.
Well known for its seaside harbour setting, it is a fishing port and a departure point for ferries and hydroplanes to the Pontine Islands of Ponza, Palmarola, and Ventotene. The city bears great historical significance as the site of Operation Shingle, a crucial landing by the Allies during the Italian Campaign of World War II.
Along the coast are numerous remains of Roman villas. One, the Domus Neroniana, has been identified as a residence of Nero.
In Anzio can be found the Anzio War Cemetery, located close to the Communal Cemetery and Beachhead Museum. The Beach Head War Cemetery is located 5 Kilometre north on the No207 Road. The Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial is in nearby Nettuno.
About 8 kilometres (5 miles) north of the town there is a WWF park with sulphur springs and a medieval tower, Tor Caldara.
Near the ruins of the Villa of Nero, in scenic position near the beach, lies the military sanatorium of the Italian army, one of the most important works of Florestano Di Fausto, built in 1930–33.
All along the coast a large number of beaches and sea resorts can be found, including hotels and the famous fish restaurants of the port of Anzio. The city once hosted a Casino called Paradiso sul mare that is no longer active and now hosts cultural events. In the southern part of the town, close to the border with Nettuno, are many Italian art nouveau style houses.
Anzio Tourist Information office is located in the town’s main square, Piazza Pia. The friendly staff can give you a good map and bilingual guide to the town, but the office is closed for several hours (1pm-4pm) at lunchtime. To reach Piazza Pia from the railway station, cross the road and descend Via Paolini. The turning to the museums (see below) is on your left. Continue downhill, then turn right onto Via Fabbri and you’ll emerge on Piazza Pia.
Both the Anzio Beachhead Museum (Museo dello Sbarco di Anzio) and the Archaeological Museum are located in the grand 17th-century Villa Adele, on Via di Villa Adele, just downhill from the railway station. The Anzio Beachhead Museum is run by a non-profitmaking organisation to commemorate the soldiers of all nationalities who took part in the landings and ensuing battles.