Avellino is a capital city and province in the Campania region. The whole area was completely devastated by the 6.9 Irpinia earthquake in 1980, leaving 250,000 homeless and almost 2,500 people dead. Billions was spent on reconstruction and there are still areas under construction.
Avellino is a town and comune, capital of the province of Avellino in the Campania region of southern Italy. It is situated in a plain surrounded by mountains 47 kilometres (29 mi) east of Naples and is an important hub on the road from Salerno to Benevento.
A trip to Avellino Province is a journey into nature and into the history of Irpinia. This charming zone welcomes the visitor with its gorgeous landscape and intriguing cultural heritage. Its incredibly-beautiful natural endowments inspired the name “Green Irpinia.”
An exploration of the zone is an experience that forever remains imprinted in one’s memory.
Mountains, vast plains, reserves, lakes and rivers make this province the perfect destination for those who love nature and who desire a vacation marked by thorough relaxation, among mountains and springs, fresh air and great food, all year-round.
Irpinia is best discovered gradually, on a journey through the wilderness that whispers of ancient times, when this land was inhabited by Samnites, Romans and Longobards.
Ancient villages are nestled in the green of the valleys that begin at the feet of the Partenio and Terminio Mountains, covered by beech, fir, oak and chestnut.
In addition to the archaeological sites, massive castles recall not only wars and plundering, sieges and battles, but also celebrations and elegant courts. In the valleys, vineyards and olive groves are the origins of high-quality wine and oil production.
It is clear that the entirety of the terrain boasts of how man and nature have learned to live in harmony here from the early ages.
Trekking, hiking and mountain biking are great ways to explore the enchanted places scattered throughout the Apennine Range; be sure to experience a local trattoria, where the cuisine reflects longstanding and beloved traditions.
The 1980 Irpinia earthquake represented a turning point for the town and for the entire province of Avellino. Large amounts of money flowed in for infrastructure investment, and the extra money generated innovation and economic expansion more generally. By 2008 a per capita annual income level of €20,180 placed Avellino well above the regional average in terms of individual prosperity.
Agriculture was at the heart of Avellino’s economy until the mid-1970s, since then many younger people have moved away from family farms, and sometimes also migrated away from the area, in pursuit of higher wages. Nevertheless, tobacco, viticulture and especially the production of hazelnuts remain important to the local economy and, with increased investment in recent years, employ a number of people.
The manufacturing sector plays an important role in Avellino, with two industrial zones on the eastern and western peripheries of the main urban area, at Pianodardine suburb, Prata di Principato Ultra and Pratola Serra. Many small and medium-sized businesses are located in the industrial zones, including notably FMA (Fabbrica Motori Automobilistici, Automobile Engine Factory) who produces Fiat Pratola Serra modular engines for Fiat, Opel, Jeep, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and creator of the “multi-jet” (fuel injected) car engine. Other significant Avellino factories belong to Novolegno (part of the Fantoni Group), Denso, Salvagnini, Magneti Marelli and Aurubis, each of them employing more than 2,000 people from Avellino and the wider surrounding area.
Some ruins (mostly foundings) of the ancient Abellinum can be seen near the modern village of Atripalda, 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) east of modern Avellino. They include the forum, faced by some temples, baths, parts of the Serino aqueduct and a patrician domus. There was also an amphitheatre and a brothel.
Avellino Cathedral, with its Romanesque crypt, stands on the site of a rich Roman villa which was built around 129 BC and abandoned after the eruption of Vesuvius, and an earthquake in 346 AD. The church and convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie were built in 1580.
There are some remains of the Lombard castle in Piazza Castello (Castle Square). Because the castle was built at the base of a small valley, its tactical purpose continues to puzzle modern-day historians throughout Europe.View of the Old CityFountain of BellerophonAvellino by night, panorama from Montevergine.
The Fountain of Bellerophon was executed in the 17th century by Cosimo Fanzago.
- National Gallery of Selachoidei, housing one of the largest collections of cartilaginous fishes in Italy.
- Museum of Art (MdAO – Museo d’Arte)
- Museum of the Cathedral and the Diocese of Avellino
- Provincial Archaeological Museum
- Provincial Art Gallery, in the “Carcere Borbonico”
- Zoological Museum of invertebrates “L. Carbone”