Bordeaux

France

Bordeaux is a port city on the river Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentGironde
ArrondissementBordeaux
Canton5 cantons
IntercommunalityBordeaux Métropole
Government
 Mayor (2020–2026)Pierre Hurmic (The Greens)
Area49.36 km2 (19.06 sq mi)
Population 254,436
  Rank9th in France
  Density5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)

It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called “Bordelais” (for men) or “Bordelaises” (women). The term “Bordelais” may also refer to the city and its surrounding region.

Bordeaux is also one of the centers of gastronomy and business tourism for the organization of international congresses. It is a central and strategic hub for the aeronautics, military and space sector, home to international companies such as Dassault Aviation, Ariane Group, Safran and Thalès.

Bordeaux is an international tourist destination for its architectural and cultural heritage with more than 350 historic monuments, making it, after Paris, the city with the most listed or registered monuments in France. The “Pearl of Aquitaine” has been voted European Destination of the year in a 2015 online poll.

Economy

Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the sixth largest metropolitan population in France. It serves as a major regional center for trade, administration, services and industry.

Wine

Bordeaux wine growing area has about 116,160 hectares (287,000 acres) of vineyards, 57 appellations, 10,000 wine-producing estates (châteaux) and 13,000 grape growers. With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles, the Bordeaux area produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area’s five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves).

Both red and white wines are made in the Bordeaux region. Red Bordeaux wine is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.

White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d’Yquem.

The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened its doors in June 2016.

Population

The majority of the population is French, but there are sizable groups of Italians, Spaniards (Up to 20% of the Bordeaux population claim some degree of Spanish heritage), Portuguese, Turks, Germans.

Education

University

Bordeaux accommodates approximately 70,000 students on one of the largest campuses of Europe.

The University of Bordeaux is divided into four:

  • The University Bordeaux 1, (Maths, Physical sciences and Technologies),
  • The University Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux Segalen (Medicine and Life sciences),
  • The University Bordeaux 3, Michel de Montaigne (Liberal Arts, Humanities, Languages, History),
  • The University Bordeaux 4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management),
  • Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux. Although technically a part of the fourth university, it largely functions autonomously.

Main sights

Buildings

Some main sights include:

  • Place de la Bourse (1735–1755), designed by the Royal architect Jacques Gabriel as landscape for an equestrian statue of Louis XV, now replaced by the Fountain of the Three Graces.
  • Grand Théâtre (1780), a large neoclassical theater built in the 18th century.
  • Allées de Tourny
  • Cours de l’Intendance
  • Place du Chapelet
  • Place du Parlement
  • Place des Quinconces, the largest square in France.
  • Monument aux Girondins
  • Place Saint-Pierre
  • Pont de pierre (1822)

Museums

  • Musée des Beaux-Arts (Fine arts museum)
  • Musée d’Aquitaine (archeological and history museum)
  • Musée du Vin et du Négoce (museum of the wine trade)
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs et du Design (museum of decorative arts and design)
  • Musée d’Histoire Naturelle (natural history museum)
  • Musée Mer Marine (Sea and Navy museum)
  • Cité du Vin
  • CAPC musée d’art contemporain de Bordeaux (modern art museum)
  • Musée national des douanes (history of French customs)
  • Bordeaux Patrimoine Mondial (architectural and heritage interpretation centre)
  • Musée d’ethnologie (ethnology museum)
  • Institut culturel Bernard Magrez
  • Cervantez Institute (into the house of Goya)
  • Cap Sciences
  • Centre Jean Moulin

Parks and gardens

  • Jardin public de Bordeaux, with inside the Jardin botanique de Bordeaux
  • Jardin botanique de la Bastide
  • Parc bordelais
  • Parc aux Angéliques
  • Jardin des Lumières
  • Parc Rivière
  • Parc Floral
Jardin public

Transport

Road

Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89, with Toulouse by the A62, and with Spain by the A63.

Bordeaux has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d’Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux.

Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow cyclists exist on many of the city’s boulevards. A paid bicycle-sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010.

Rail

The main railway station, Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean, near the center of the city, has 12 million passengers a year. It is served by the French national (SNCF) railway’s high speed train, the TGV, that gets to Paris in two hours, with connections to major European centers such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London.

Air

Bordeaux is served by Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport, located 8 km (5.0 mi) from the city centre in the suburban city of Mérignac.

Trams, buses and boats

Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). This company is run by the Keolis group. The network consists of:

  • tram lines (ABC and D)
  • 75 bus routes, all connected to the tramway network (from 1 to 96)
  • 13 night bus routes (from 1 to 16)
  • An electric bus shuttle in the city centre
  • A boat shuttle on the Garonne river

This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am.

Sport

The 41,458-capacity Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux is the largest stadium in Bordeaux. The stadium was opened in 2015 and replaced the Stade Chaban-Delmas, which was a venue for the FIFA World Cup in 1938 and 1998, as well as the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux, Girondins de Bordeaux is the football team, playing in Ligue 1 in the French football championship. Union Bordeaux Bègles is a rugby team in the Top 14 in the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city.

Bordeaux is also the home to one of the strongest cricket teams in France and are champions of the South West League.

Contact

Bordeaux Town Hall
email
infomairie@mairie-bordeaux.fr
address
Place Pey-Berland 33045 Bordeaux Cedex
phone
+33 5 56 10 20 30