Cernavodă

Cernavodă is a town in Constanța CountyNorthern DobrujaRomania with a population of 20,514.

The town’s name is derived from the Bulgarian černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning “black water”. This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei “dark” and upā “water” (cf. Avestan axšaēna “dark” and Lithuanian ùpė “river, creek”).

Economy

The town is a Danube fluvial port. It houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania’s electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada‘s Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy‘s ANSALDO and became fully functional in November 2007.

The Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Agigea and Năvodari.

The outskirts of Cernavodă host numerous vineyards, producers of Chardonnay wine. The largest winery in the area is Murfatlar.

History

Cernavodă was founded (under the name Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians.

The Constanța – Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration.

Cernavodă was one of the capitals of the short-lived Silistra Nouă County (1878–1879).

The town gives its name to the late copper age Cernavodă archaeological culture, ca. 40003200 BC.

Contact

Cernavodă
email
primaria@cernavoda.ro
address
905 200, str. Ovidiu, no. 11,
phone
0241 487 108, 0241 487 101