Jaén is a city in south-central Spain, located in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is the capital of the province of Jaén.

Its population is 112,757 (2020), about one-sixth of the population of the province. Recently Jaén has had a great increase in cultural tourism, having received 604,523 tourists along the year 2015, 10% more than in 2014. The city is also known as the World Capital of Olive Oil, because it is the biggest producer of the oil, known by locals as liquid gold.

The layout of Jaén is determined by its position in the hills of the Santa Catalina mountains, with steep, narrow streets, in the historical central city district.

The city of Jaén is the administrative and industrial centre for the province. Industrial establishments in the city include chemical works, tanneriesdistilleries, cookie factories, textile factories, as well as agricultural and olive oil processing machinery industry.

Leisure and entertainment


Feria de San Lucas: On 18 October Jaen celebrates his biggest festivity. It lasts more than a week where jienenses and visitors can enjoy music, Sevillanas dancing, gastronomy, culture and tradition.

Romeria de Santa Catalina: Procession in the hill with the same name where the Castle is located to honour the Saint Patron of the City. It is typical to eat sardines and barbecue in the forest around the Castle.

San Anton: The 16 January it is celebrated the fires of San Anton. In the different neighbourhoods there are built bonfires and people eat and sing around them celebrating the beginning of the year. Also the International Urban Race of San Anton takes place that night, the fifth in the Spanish Ranking of Athletism.

Virgen de la Capilla: The 11 June Jaen celebrates the appearance of the Virgin Mary in the city. A weekend where there are flower offerings and a Virgin procession, as well as traditional activities to show the culture of the city.

Holy Week: The tradition of celebrating the Holy Week in the city started in the Middle Ages, and nowadays it has been declared “Bien de Interés Turístico-Cultural Andaluz” since 2006 and “Fiesta de Interés Turístico Nacional de Andalucía”. From Palm Sunday until Resurrection Sunday 17 catholic brotherhoods carry out their processions through the streets of Jaen.


The gastronomy of Jaen is very varied, emphasizing local dishes such as the pipirrana (tomato, green peppers, breadcrumbs, garlic shoots, olive oil, vinegar, salt and hard-boiled egg); “spinach a la Jaén” (garlic, croûtons, spiced sausage, bayleaf, egg, orange zest and vinegar); “rice a la Jaén” (very weak), “veal with chopped garlic”, “trout from the rivers of Jaén” (trout, butter, chunks of ham with bacon, parsley, white wine and salt), “ajo blanco a la Jaén” (raw almond, olive oil, eggs, garlic, salt, vinegar and water).

Among the most well-known confectioneries of Jaén is “rice pudding”, “gachas of Jaen” (a sort of porridge), “pestiños”, “gusanillos” and “ochíos”.

In Jaén the eating of tapas is very common; numerous bars exist where, for the price of a beer (around €1.50), one can purchase a tapa, which consists of a small plate of food for one person.


Plaza de Santa María, 1. 23002
953 21 91 00