Koper, the largest town of Slovenian Istria and the home of about one half of the population of the Municipality of Koper, is also the only Slovenian port; in addition, it also hosts one of the Slovenian universities.
Koper is the fifth largest city in Slovenia. Located in the Istrian region in southwestern part of the country, approximately five kilometres (3.1 miles) south of the border with Italy and 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Trieste, Koper is the largest coastal city in the country. It is bordered by the satellite towns of Izola and Ankaran. With a unique ecology and biodiversity, it is considered an important natural resource. The city’s Port of Koper is the major contributor to the economy of the Municipality of Koper. With only one percent of Slovenia having a coastline, the influence that the Port of Koper also has on tourism was a factor in Ankaran deciding to leave the municipality in a referendum in 2011 to establish its own. The city is a destination for a number of Mediterranean cruising lines. Koper is the main urban centre of the Slovenian Istria, with a population of about 25,000. Ales Brzan is the current mayor, serving since 2018.
The city of Koper is officially bilingual, with both Slovene and Italian as its official languages. Sights in Koper include the 15th-century Praetorian Palace and Loggia in Venetian Gothic style, the 12th-century Carmine Rotunda church, and St. Nazarius’ Cathedral, with its 14th-century tower.
Koper is also one of the main road entry points into Slovenia from Italy, which lies to the north of the municipality. The main motorway crossing is at Spodnje Škofije to the north of the city of Koper. The motorway continues into Rabuiese and Trieste. Koper also has a rail connection with the capital city, Ljubljana. On the coast, there is a crossing at Lazaret into Lazaretto in Muggia municipality in Trieste province. The Italian border crossing is known as San Bartolomeo.
|Traditional region||Slovene Littoral|
|Municipality||City Municipality of Koper|
|• Mayor||Aleš Bržan (LAB)|
|• Total||13.0 km (5.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||2,000/km (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+386 (0)5|
Koper’s 15th-century Praetorian Palace is located on the city square. It was built from two older 13th-century houses that were connected by a loggia, rebuilt many times, and then finished as a Venetian Gothic palace. Today, it is home to the city of Koper’s tourist office.
The city’s Cathedral of the Assumption was built in the second half of the 12th century and has one of the oldest bells in Slovenia (from 1333), cast by Nicolò and Martino, the sons of Master Giacomo of Venice. The upper terrace is periodically open and offers a great view of the Bay of Trieste. In the middle of it hangs the Sacra Conversatione painting from 1516, one of the best Renaissance paintings in Slovenia, made by Vittore Carpaccio.
Koper has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). There is an adequate amount of rainfall in Koper, even in the driest month. This climate is considered to be Cfa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The average temperature in Koper is 14.4 °C (57.9 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,056 millimetres (42 in).
The Port of Koper
First established during the Roman Empire, the Port of Koper has played an important role in the development of the area. It is among the largest in the region and is one of the most important transit routes for goods heading from Asia to central Europe. In contrast with other European ports, which are managed by port authorities, the activities of the Port of Koper comprise the management of the free zone area, the management of the port area, and the role of terminal operator.
Koper Tourist Information Center (TIC)*
Titov trg 3, SI – 6000 Koper
T: +386 (0)5 664 64 03
Important phone numbers
Police – reporting offenders, anonymous phone line: 080 12 00
PSAP, Medical Care, Fire department, Veterinarz assistance, Rescue units: 112
AMZS roadside assistance: 1987
Emergency calls at sea: 080 18 00
Code of the Republic of Slovenia for international calls to Slovenia: 00 386
In most of the town centre, you can use the free public wireless network called Koper Wi-Free. Type »Koper Wi-Free« into your browser, or visit the website Wi Free Comunity and then follow the instructions to obtain 24 hours of free internet access.
Otherwise, the majority of restaurants, accommodation and shopping centres also provide free Internet for their guests.
*Due to the current situation with coronavirus it is necessary to first call the health providers.
Zdravstveni dom Koper (Koper Health centre)
Dellavallejeva ulica 3, and other units of ZD Koper:
Bonifika Branch, Ljubljanska cesta 6a, Koper
Olmo Medical Post, Cesta na Markovec 1, Koper
Pobegi Čežarji General Practice, Cesta I. Istrske brigade 59, Pobegi
Šmarje General Practice, Šmarje 89, Šmarje
Info phone: +386 (0)5 664 71 00
Emergency medical clinic
Phone: +386 (0)5 6647 440
Lekarna Koper, Kidričeva ulica 2, Koper; Phone +386 (0)5 611 00 00. (Outside its regular working hours, this pharmacy also provides emergency pharmaceutical services.)
Lekarna na Ogrlici, Kolodvorska cesta 2, Koper; Phone: +386 (0)5 630 97 00
Lekarna Semedela, Pahorjeva ulica 63, Koper; Phone: +386 (0)5 630 18 70 Lekarna Šalara, Obrtniška 30, Koper; Phone: +386 (0)5 625 00 33 Lekarna Melisa Škofije, Spodnje Škofije 147a, Škofije; Phone: +386 (0)5 654 01 10
*an automatic drug dispenser with certain medicinal products is available next to the pharmacy.
Traffic information in Slovenia
Traffic information centre (PIC)
Answering machine: 080 22 44
Mobile application: DarsPromet+ / DarsTraffic+