Marghita

Marghita is a city in Bihor CountyRomania. It administers two villages, Cheț (Magyarkéc) and Ghenetea (Genyéte), and is 56 km north-east of Oradea.

History

The name appears to be derived from the name “Margit” (Margaret), Saint Margaret the patron of a local church. The first time it was used in a document was in 1216. In the 14th century, it became a feudal holding of the Hungarian landlord.

In 1376 king Louis I of Hungary gave to Marghita the right of organizing a fair and it developed in the next centuries as a market town. There were several peasant revolts against the feudal system affecting Marghita in 1467 and 1514. At the beginning of the 16th century, it became along with parts of Bihor county and Hungary, an Ottoman province until towards the end of the 17th century.

In 1823, a great fire destroyed half of the buildings of Marghita. After the 1848 revolution, the local peasants were no longer serfs and manufacturing and industry began to develop.

Between 1920 (Treaty of Trianon) and 1940 (the Second Vienna Award) the town was part of Romania, after which it was again part of Hungary during much of the Second World War, until autumn 1944. In 1944, after German occupation, about 2,100 Jews of Marghita were sent to deathconcentration and labor camps as part of the Holocaust, of which only about 450 survived. After 1947, with the Soviets imposing a Communist government in Romania, factories and land were nationalized. Over the course of the next few years, Marghita took part in the Romanian industrialization process.

Contact

Marghita
email
primaria@marghita.ro
address
Str. Calea Republicii nr.1, Marghita
phone
0259362001