Mladá Boleslav


Mladá Boleslav is a statutory city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 44,000 inhabitants. It lies on the left bank of the Jizera River about 50 kilometres (31 miles) northeast of Prague.

Mladá Boleslav is the second most populated city in the region and a major centre of the Czech automotive industry (Škoda Auto) and therefore the Czech industry as a whole. The city name abbreviation MB became eponymous for colloquial naming of Škoda cars (especially in the communist era) as “embé(čko)”.

Administrative parts

Mladá Boleslav is made up of town parts and villages of Mladá Boleslav I (locally called Staré Město, i.e. Old Town), Mladá Boleslav II (locally called Nové Město, i.e. New Town), Mladá Boleslav III (locally called Podolec), Mladá Boleslav IV (locally called Pták), Bezděčín, Čejetice, Čejetičky, Chrást, Debř, Jemníky, Michalovice, Podchlumí and Podlázky.


Mladá Boleslav became an industrial centre already in the 19th century. The main factor of its success was its location next to the Jizera River, which was a water source for newly founded factories. The most significant was the textile industry – its largest representative, the Česana factory, had more than 2,000 employees in the end of the 19th century. Another industry in the Jizera valley included mills, breweries, distillery, soaps and perfumes factory, and production of artificial fertilizers. Most of the factories was gradually shut down during the 20th century, mainly due to World War II and politics of the socialist republic.

In 1895 the predecessor of Škoda Auto, the Laurin & Klement company, was founded, and the automotive industry became the main pillar of the city’s economy. In 1925 Laurin & Klement was acquired by Škoda works. During the 20th century many car parts manufacturers were established in the city, including the producer of accumulators for motor vehicles, AKUMA (founded in 1903), now a part of FIAMM company.

Since its inception, Škoda Auto is the most important and most influential industrial company in the Czech Republic. As of 2017, the company had 32 thousand of employees worldwide, out of which 23 thousand worked in Mladá Boleslav.


The historic city centre is well preserved and is protected by law as urban monument zone.

  • Templ Municipal History Museum – a holographic exhibition in gothic town-palace
  • Škoda Museum – car museum
  • Brethren renaissance cathedral – public open gallery
  • Regional Museum – historical, cultural and social history collections
  • Jewish cemetery


The local football team FK Mladá Boleslav has played in the Czech First League since 2004. They were runners-up in 2005–06, have been Czech Cup winners twice (2011 and 2016) and have qualified for the European cups for multiple times.

The local ice hockey team BK Mladá Boleslav was relegated in 2012 from the Czech Extraliga, but quickly returned in 2014.

The city also has one of the Czech Republic’s top floorball teams, national champions in the 2017–18 season.


Mladá Boleslav
Komenského náměstí č.p.61 293 01 Mladá Boleslav
326 715 111