SEŽANA

Slovenia

Sežana is a town in the Slovenian Littoral region of Slovenia, near the border with Italy. It is the seat of the Municipality of Sežana. Sežana is located on the Karst Plateau, 17 kilometres (11 miles) from Trieste, Italy, and 80 km (50 mi) from Ljubljana, the capital city of Slovenia.

Country Slovenia
Government
 • MayorDavid Škabar
Area
 • Total217.4 km  (83.9 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total12,583
 • Density58/km  (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)

History

Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 11 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Austrian Littoral province.

Sežana remained a small and rather insignificant village until the mid-19th century, when the Austrian Southern Railway Company build Austrian Southern Railway, connecting Vienna to Trieste, next to it. Sežana thus became connected to major traffic and soon emerged as the most important center on the Karst Plateau, together with Opicina. After 1918, it was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy and included in the Province of Trieste. During the Fascist period, the population was subjected to a violent Italianization policy, and many locals joined the militant anti-fascist organization TIGR. During World War II, especially after 1943, the area became a battlefield between the Partisan resistance and the Fascist and Nazi German forces. In May 1945, Sežana was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans. Between June 1945 and September 1947, it was administered by the British and U.S. Army. In 1947, it became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and in 1991 of independent Slovenia.

The Sežana railway station was opened in 1857, and forms part of the Vienna–Trieste railway. Since 1947, it has been that railway’s border crossing point between Yugoslavia/Slovenia and Italy.

Economy

Many industrial enterprises are located in Sežana, including larger companies as well as many smaller enterprises. Sežana is also a center for the tourism industry. Its location between Ljubljana, Trieste, and the Adriatic coast and many important tourist sights in the vicinity, such as the Lipica Stud Farm, Postojna Cave, Škocjan Caves, Vilenica Cave, and the fortified village of Štanjel, make Sežana an attractive tourist destination. Sežana is also an important agricultural center.

Sights

Botanical Garden
Memorial Room commemorating the poet Srečko Kosovel
walking trail from Sežana to Tomaj dedicated to the poet
Karst Living museum
Tabor nature trail

Church

Saint Martin’s Church
The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Martin and was built in 1878 on the site of an older church from the early 16th century, after it became an independent parish.

ST.Martin’s Church

Contacts

Mayor and mayor’s office – Župan in podžupani

David Škabar, župan Občine Sežana

e-mail: kabinet.zupana@sezana.si, tel: 05 731 01 01

Contact

Občina Sežana
email
obcina@sezana.si
address
Partizanska cesta 4 6210 Sežana
phone
++386 (0)5 731 01 00