Just ten kilometers from the historic center of Turin, the Stupinigi Natural Park, with its woods and large areas of agricultural landscape , is one of the most valuable pieces of that circular mosaic of green areas and non-urbanized areas, which contains the metropolitan center. Together with the hunting lodge, it represents one of the points of greatest historical and architectural interest in the Turin area, under development in the context of the initiatives for the recovery of the Savoy Residences and in the development of the “Corona Verde” project around the city. .
The park, established by regional law in 1991 for 1732 hectares, has as its fulcrum the Palazzina di Caccia di Stupinigi , built in the first half of the 18th century by the architect Juvarra, at the behest of the House of Savoy for the royal holidays and the hunting practice of the chasse à courre (hunting on horseback with packs of dogs). The natural area is of a plain type, with mixed broad-leaved woods with an irregular structure, largely with hybrid poplar plants. Due to its naturalistic interest, it has also been entirely identified as a Special Conservation Area (SAC) of community importance, due to the presence of precious habitats connected to the residual lowland forest. The risks for conservation derive from the proximity of urban areas, and above all from roads and highways with heavy traffic, which among other things trigger degradation phenomena. In order to effectively guarantee the safeguarding of the area, similarly to what happened in 1976 for La Mandria, in 2009 the Piedmont Region acquired the properties (land and buildings) belonging to the urban and rural context of the Stupinigi Compendium, previously belonging to the Mauritian Order.
The agricultural lands of the Park today host quality agricultural productions, which combine respect for the natural environment and modern cultivation techniques; there are six farmhouses (Gorgia, Chiabotto del Beccaio, Bozzalla, Parpaglia, Piniere and Vicomanino) , almost all with a closed courtyard type and characterized by cereal and zootechnical production. Furthermore, the territory of the protected area, now largely closed to vehicular traffic, allows users to circulate on foot, by bike and on horseback through the large woods and agricultural land.
The Park also has historical residences of considerable interest: Castelvecchio , a low medieval fortified complex originally inhabited by the Savoy-Acaia and the Castle of Parpaglia , presumably of fourteenth-century origin. The latter is assumed to have arisen as an outpost of the Jerusalem Knights, now known as the Order of Malta. The first owners of the farmhouse and the Castle were the Revigliasco and later the Parpaglia family took over.
The Candiolo IRCCS institute is located in the Park territory , a center specialized in the treatment of oncological pathologies, for some of which it is an international reference, and is included in the Oncological Network of Piedmont-Valle d’Aosta. Founded in 1996, it is the first Scientific Hospitalization and Care Institute in Piedmont recognized by the Ministry of Health.