Zlaté Moravce

Slovakia

Zlaté Moravce is a town in south-western Slovakia. It is the capital and the biggest town of Zlaté Moravce District. It is approximately 120 km from the Slovak capital Bratislava and 32 km from Nitra.

History

The town is situated on the banks of the river Žitava, in the northern part of the Podunajská Heights. Nowadays, it also includes the area of formerly separate boroughs Chyzerovce and Prílepy. Thanks to its favourable location on the natural terrace of the river Žitava, the traces of the continuous settlement of this area go back to the Paleolithic Age. The rich archeological findings in the town area also prove intensive Great Moravian settlement in the 9th-10th century. A unique finding – a golden pectoral cross – is associated with this settlement.

The origin of the oldest name of the borough “Morowa” in the Charter of Zobor of 1113 is related to that time as well. This charter is the oldest written proof of the existence of Moravce as Zobor Monastery’s property. The borough that was situated on the important route to Tekov was already in the 13th century dominated by a small Roman church surrounded by a cemetery, which was located on the site of today’s square.

The first written mentions of the town are from 12th century A.D. (1113 Morowa, 1284 Marouth). “Moravce” [pronounced app. Moravtseh], a word in plural, was a frequent settlement name in Slovakia and means “settlement of (the tribe) Moravians“. The attribute “zlaté”, meaning “golden”, was added only later in order to distinguish the settlement’s name from all the other “Moravce”s. Ottomans plundered the city in 1530 and 1573.

Rivers (ŽitavaZlatnanka) in the surrounding areas were known in the past for gold washing. Note the name of the second river. In the Slavic languages Zlato means gold.

Historical monuments

  • WWI and WWII victims
  • Holocaust victims from Zlaté Moravce memorial

Contact

Zlaté Moravce
email
sekretariat@zlatemoravce.eu
address
1.Mája 2, 95301 Zlaté Moravce
phone
+421 37 6923925